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Satellite data or satellite imagery is understood as information about Earth and other planets in the space, gathered by man-made satellites in their orbits. The most common use for satellite data is Earth Observation (EO) where satellites deliver information about the surface and weather changes on the Earth.
Satellite data is generated via remote sensing technologies. One of these, Synthetic-Aperture Radar (SAR) technology, provides reliable and timely data stream opportunities for a myriad of applications at land and sea. For governments and organizations, this means possibilities for acting on time as in natural catastrophes and crimes, for businesses this enables developing completely new and improved services.
One of the inherent values that satellite data has is the availability of authentic information about Earth surface, weather, and other incidents. Cumulative data helps to understand developments in long-term and timely data to act swiftly on the detected issues. The EO data comes from spaceborne platforms with remote sensing tools. Earth Observation through satellites relies on the use of their mounted payloads which collect and transmit images or other data of the Earth’s characteristics. The Earth Observation satellites are normally launched to relatively low altitude orbits (about 600-800 km from the surface of the Earth) to be able to carry out their imaging tasks.
The fundamental differences
The fundamental differences of EO technologies
The fundamental differences of EO technologies depend on whether the data is collected through a passive or an active remote sensing system. In Passive Remote Sensing, the satellite has a remote sensing payload to monitor the solar energy which Earth’s surface or atmosphere reflects and re-emissions into space. This technology delivers data only in sunlit and cloudless circumstances. Commonly used passive sensors include optical and thermal sensors. While in Active Remote Sensing, the satellite sends energy to Earth and then measures the energy received back from the Earth’s surface or atmosphere. Commonly used active sensors include radar and laser technologies.
SARsat Arabia is pleased to present it product and offer it to the customers in Dubai Airshow during November 2021.
Vision of the future
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellites enable imagery to be obtained during both day and night-time.
In addition, SAR can penetrate clouds and it works in all weather conditions, including rain and dust. SAR sensor carries its own illumination source, in the form of radio waves transmitted by an antenna.